The preamble refers to the introduction or preface to the constitution. These are the opening words of the preamble of the Indian Constitution Image Source: www. We are explaining the words used in the Preamble of the constitution one by one. Key words are This word implies that India is neither a dependence nor a dominion of any other nation but an independent state. There is no authority above it, and it is free to conduct its own affairs both internal and external.
Being a sovereign state, India can either acquire a foreign territory or cede a part of its territory in favour of a foreign state. Even before the term was added by the 42nd Amendment in , the Constitution had a socialist content in the form of certain Directive Principles of State Policy. Notably, the Indian brand of socialism is a 'democratic socialism' and not a 'communistic socialism' also known as 'state socialism' which involves the nationalisation of all means of production and distribution and the abolition of private property.
Democratic socialism, on the other hand, holds faith in a 'mixed economy' where both public and private sectors co-exist side by side'. As the Supreme Court says, 'Democratic socialism aims to end poverty, ignorance, disease and inequality of opportunity.
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Indian socialism is a blend of Marxism and Gandhism, leaning heavily towards Gandhian socialism'. What is the difference between Ordinary Bill and Money Bill? The term 'secular' too was added by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act of However, as the Supreme Court said in , although words 'secular state' is not mentioned in the Constitution, there can be no doubt that Constitution-makers wanted to establish such a state and accordingly Articles 25 to 28 guaranteeing the fundamental rights to freedom of religion have been included in the constitution.
The Indian Constitution embodies the positive concept of secularism i. A democratic polity, as stipulated in the Preamble, is based on the doctrine of popular sovereignty, that is, possession of supreme power by the people. Rick Steves Iceland First Edition.
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